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Modeling Time Transfers by Age and Sex: Evidence from Time Use Matrices
Emilio Zagheni

Last modified: 2015-09-05


This article offers estimates of time transfers, by age and sex, related to informal childcare and adult care in the United States.  Matrices of time transfers estimated from the American Time Use Survey (2011-2013) are used first to evaluate structural patterns of inequality in time flows by age and sex, and then as input for a model of time transfers based on input-output theory. The results indicate that i) patterns of transfers are unevenly distributed across the life course; ii) the largest flows are downwards, from parents to young children, and, secondly, from grandparents to grandchildren, with notable sex differences; iii) a substantial amount of time transfers are intra-generational, to spouses; iv) changes in demand for time from the elderly has a strong leverage on the overall pattern of time flows.

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