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Residential segregation patterns of old and new Italians between dispersion and segregation.
Corrado Bonifazi, Frank Heins

Last modified: 2015-09-05

Abstract


The aim of the contribution is the systematic analysis of differences in residential settlement patterns of three specific demo-social groups in Italy. The concept of residential segregation is taken more widely and the focus is not only on the foreign population but also the residential settlement patterns of the population under 15 years and the population being in possession of a university degree. Selected aspects of residential segregation in Italy, compared to the situation in the UK and the US, are discussed.

The contribution refers to traditional segregation indices (Massey and Denton 1988) focusing on the index of dissimilarity as measures of evenness. Of the other 4 conventional dimensions of segregation the measures of exposure – isolation and interaction – are considered.

Data are taken from the 2001 and 2011 population census and refer to the census sections. As the area of reference are serving the 2011 Sistemi Locali del Lavoro or Local Labour Market Areas (LLMAs).

The regional and temporal changes of settlement patterns for the three selected demo-social groups are presented and analysed. As expected the group defined in purely demographic terms shows the most dispersed residential settlement pattern. The university degree holders occupy an intermediate position and show the least change in the regional patterns (at the LLMA level) of their residential segregation. And, as expected, the foreign population continuous in the year 2011 to be the most segregated one.

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