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Income Inequality and Opportunity Inequality in Europe: Recent Trends and Explaining Factors
Daniele Checchi, Vito Peragine, Laura Serlenga

Last modified: 2015-09-05


This paper studies the recent evolution of economic inequality in Europe. By using the two most recent waves of the EU-SILC database reporting information on family background (2005 and 2011), our analysis provides estimates of inequality in about 30 European countries in the two different periods; moreover it provides some evidence on the relationship between the evolution of inequality and some institutional aspects for those countries. We complement the standard analysis of income inequality with an analysis of inequality in the space of opportunities. Our results also highlight some differences between the ex-ante and ex-post approaches: existing data indicate that equality of opportunity, in the ex-ante version, is more correlated with educational variables, while ex-post equality of opportunity is also associated to union presence, labour market policies and parental leaves.

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