Events and Meetings of Italian Statistical Society, Advances in Latent Variables - Methods, Models and Applications

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Measuring school achievement in latent groups of students defined by their compliance behavior
Giulia Roli, Paola Monari

Last modified: 2013-06-14


In this paper, we present a model-based framework to estimate the educational attainments of students in latent groups defined by unobservable features which are likely to affect the outcome. We focus our attention on the case of students in the first year of the upper secondary schools, for which the teachers’ suggestion at the end of the lower educational level toward the subsequent type of school is available. We exploit this information to develop latent strata according to the compliance behavior of students simplifying, as a first attempt, to binary data for both counselled and attended type of school (e.g., academic or technical institute). We consider a likelihood-based approach to estimate outcome distributions in the latent groups and propose a set of plausible assumptions with respect to the problem at hand. In order to assess our method and its robustness, we simulate data to resemble a real study conducted on pupils of the province of Bologna in year 2007/2008 to investigate their success or failure at the end of the first school year.

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