Events and Meetings of Italian Statistical Society, Advances in Latent Variables - Methods, Models and Applications

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Changes in disability reporting in the US and the Netherlands
Teresa Bago d'Uva, Arie Kapteyn, Eddy Van Doorslaer, Arthur Van Soest

Last modified: 2013-06-16


Using vignettes, Kapteyn et al. (2007) showed that the Dutch have lower thresholds for perceived work disability. Vignette correction of self-reported work disability reduces (by 60%) the large gap observed in self-reported work disability rates in the two countries. In 2006, the WIA disability insurance (DI) programme was introduced in The Netherlands which reduced accessibility to disability benefits. In the first few years after the reform, DI rates have fallen dramatically and participation of 50+ workers has increased (Garcia-Gomez et al, 2011). In the US, there have not been similarly important policy changes. This paper addresses the question of whether the reporting behaviour of the Dutch has changed after the introduction of the new system, due to possible changes in the norms about what constitutes work disability. A possible mechanism is through the decline in the work disability prevalence in one’s reference group, which may have had an effect on perception of own work disability (Van Soest et al, 2011).

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